The cultural heritage of Estonia is, on the face of it, simpler, coarser, more rustic and earthly than that of the birthplaces of its influences. Now and again it has created new value. Life in the borderland between Eastern and Western cultures has been marked by influences from both directions as well as by abrupt political changes. Much has been destroyed, but some previously widespread phenomena might have survived only here. Moreover, despite all the circumstances, there has always been something in this heritage that, in its moment of creation, was completely innovative.